Difference between SGPA and CGPA: How to Calculate Your Scores?

Table of Contents

  1. What is SGPA?
  2. What is CGPA?
  3. Why are SGPA and CGPA Important?
  4. Differences between SGPA and CGPA
  5. How to Calculate SGPA and CGPA?
  6. Frequently Asked Questions

CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) and SGPA (Semester Grade Point Average) are important measurements of a student’s academic performance. They mainly differ in the timeframe they cover. While SGPA shows the academic performance of a student in a semester, the CGPA reflects how the student performed in the whole course tenure. 

What is SGPA?

SGPA stands for Semester Grade Point Average. It measures a student’s academic outcome in a given semester. You can calculate your SGPA by adding all the grade points and dividing it by the number of credits. 

What is CGPA? 

CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) is the average grade point earned by a student in all semesters. It is calculated at the end of your study after completing all the semesters. 

Why are SGPA and CGPA Important? 

  • Academic performance evaluation: SGPA and CGPA are your academic performance indicators for a semester and a course respectively. They help you evaluate your performance over time. 
  • Professional enrollment: For employment after graduation, a high CGPA and SGPA are required for top companies. 
  • Scholarship applications: SGPA and CGPA scores often help in scholarship applications. Students with high SGPA and CGPA scores stand a better chance for scholarships compared to those with low scores. 

Differences between SGPA and CGPA

SGPACGPA
It is the average grade point earned in a semesterIt is the average score earned in a course, including all semesters
Measurement of a student’s academic performance in a given semesterShows the student’s overall performance in the course
Offers a chance to track the student’s performance in all semestersProvides proof for the student’s performance as a whole
Used in determining scholarship and higher education eligibilityHelpful for higher education, scholarships, and employment opportunities

How to Calculate SGPA and CGPA? 

SGPA: SGPA can be calculated by dividing the total of credit multiplied by grade points by the sum of credit points. 

See the sample SGPA grading system: 

Semester 1CreditsGrade PointsCredits × Grade Points
Course A 5Grade A – 945
Course B4Grade B – 832
Course C5Grade A – 945
Total14122

SGPA= 122/14 = 8.714

CGPA: Calculating your CGPA is easy once you know your academic percentage. Divide your percentage by 9.5, and you will get the CGPA.

CGPA= Percentage/ 9.5

Example: If your percentage is 78%, your CGPA will be 8.211

So, which is important for you, SGPA or CGPA? It depends on your purpose of application. The SGPA is mainly asked for admission and scholarship needs, and the CGPA is asked when you apply for university admission, scholarship applications, or professional needs. 

If you are wondering how your SGPA or CGPA will affect your study abroad plans, connect with Nomad Credit today. Get zero-cost profile evaluation and guidance from experts and streamline your study abroad journey into a global success. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Which is better for abroad study applications, CGPA or SGPA? 

To study abroad, many universities ask for both SGPA and CGPA to assess international applications. In that case, it is important to submit both scores. Also, many universities simply need your CGPA only. 

How to calculate CGPA from SGPA? 

CGPA is the average of all the SGPA scores you get. Simply take an average of your SGPA scores to calculate your CGPA. 

Can I calculate the percentage from CGPA? 

Yes. Simply multiply your CGPA by 9.5 to calculate your percentage score. 

Is a 7.5 CGPA good for study abroad applications? 

It depends on the demands of the university you are applying abroad to decide the minimum CGPA. However, 7.5 is a very good score for admission abroad in general. 

Is 8.5 SGPA in the last semester good for a study abroad application? 

Maintaining a good SGPA is recommended for aspirants studying abroad. Obtaining an 8.5 SGPA in the last semester will be advantageous to you. 

Can a low CGPA affect my global study process? 

Many universities abroad accept low CGPA scores for admission. I recommend you connect with Nomad Credit’s counselor today and get personalized guidance to explore your options. 

Should I have a high SGPA in all semesters to study abroad? 

Generally, maintaining a steady and better SGPA is recommended for study abroad aspirants. It shows your consistency in academic achievement and learning enthusiasm. However, it is not mandatory to have a high SGPA throughout to study abroad.

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