How to Convert CGPA to GPA: A Guide for Converting a 10-Point CGPA to a 4-Point GPA

Grading systems exhibit variations across institutions and countries, highlighting the need for methods to convert between different scales. One frequently encountered conversion is from CGPA to GPA.

This page seeks to elucidate the conversion process and the utilization of a CGPA to GPA calculation, how to convert CGPA to GPA, underlining its importance for students making transitions between educational systems.

CGPA to GPA Converter

GPA to CGPA Converter

What is GPA?

GPA, or Grade Point Average, is a numerical representation of a student’s overall performance over a semester or time. It is normally assessed on a scale comprising five grades: A, B, C, D, and F, in which A represents the highest achievement, and F indicates a failing grade. 

American universities commonly use a 4-point GPA scale. To compute your GPA on this scale, follow this formula: 

GPA= Number of Courses Taken/Total Sum of Grade Points  

In this calculation, sum all the grade factors earned after which divide by the entire wide variety of courses taken. Maintaining a strong GPA can substantially advantage international students to scholarships and admission to prestigious universities.

What is CGPA?

CGPA, or Cumulative Grade Point Average, provides an overview of a student’s overall academic performance. Achieving a high GPA contributes to a correspondingly high CGPA score.

The CGPA is determined by calculating the average grade points earned across all semesters and then dividing by the total number of semesters:

CGPA=Total Number of Semesters/Average Grade Points of All Semesters

For example, let us consider there are 6 semesters with the following grades:

Semester 16
Semester 26.5
Semester 35.5
Semester 45.5
Semester 56
Semester 66.5

Total= 36

The CGPA score will be 36/6= 6

Difference between GPA and CGPA

The conversion from CGPA to GPA becomes necessary when students apply to study abroad. Various universities handle this process differently; some have an internal procedure to convert grades according to their specific requirements. On the other hand, certain universities may require students to have their grades assessed by a recognized external agency and submit the evaluation as part of the admission process. 

The distinction between CGPA and GPA is straightforward. While GPA reflects the grades obtained in a single semester, CGPA assesses the overall academic performance by considering scores from all semesters. 

To convert CGPA to GPA, international universities only accept credential evaluation reports from external agencies, which must be affiliated with NACES (National Association of Credential Services).

How to convert Indian CGPA to US GPA?

How to convert Indian CGPA to American GPA involves several steps. Most commonly, the conversion is done on a scale of 4.0. Here’s a general guideline:

  • Understand the Indian CGPA Scale:

Indian universities often use a 10.0 CGPA scale.

CGPA Scale and Corresponding Grades:

  • CGPA 9.1 – 10: Grade A1
  • CGPA 8.1 – 9.0: Grade A2
  • CGPA 7.1 – 8.0: Grade B1
  • CGPA 6.1 – 7.0: Grade B2
  • CGPA 5.1 – 6.0: Grade C1
  • CGPA 4.1 – 5.0: Grade C2
  • CGPA 3.1 – 4.0: Grade D1

The minimum grade required to pass CBSE board exams is D1.

  • Convert Indian CGPA to Percentage:

Multiply the CGPA by 9.5 to obtain the equivalent percentage. This is a standard conversion formula in India.

Steps to Calculate CGPA:

  • Add the scores obtained in individual subjects.
  • Divide the resultant number by the total number of subjects.
  • This number will be your final CGPA.

To calculate your percentage, multiply the CGPA by 9.5.

  • Convert Percentage to American GPA:

Use the obtained percentage to determine the equivalent GPA on a 4.0 scale. Different institutions may use different conversion tables, but a common approximation is:

  • 90−100%: 4.0 GPA
  • 80−89%: 3.0-3.9 GPA
  • 70−79%: 2.0-2.9 GPA
  • Below 70%: Below 2.0 GPA

How to calculate CGPA from GPA?

Converting GPA to CGPA involves a straightforward calculation. Here’s a simple guide:

Understand the GPA Scale:

Ensure you know the GPA scale you’re working with. The standard GPA scale in the U.S. is typically on a 4.0 scale.

Determine the CGPA Scale:

Know the CGPA scale you want to convert to. In many countries, including India, CGPA is often on a 10.0 scale.

Convert GPA to CGPA:

  • If your GPA is on a 4.0 scale and you want to convert it to a 10.0 CGPA scale, you can use the simple formula: CGPA=GPA×2.5
  • If your GPA is on a different scale, adjust the multiplication factor accordingly. For example, if your GPA is on a 5.0 scale, the formula would be: CGPA=GPA×2
  • Always check if the multiplication factor aligns with the CGPA scale you are converting to.

CGPA to GPA converter Table

The 4-point GPA to 10-point CGPA table is given below:

CGPA (10 Points) GPA (4 Points) Grade (4 Point Scale)
>8.5 >3.7 A
8.0 – 8.4 3.7 A
7.5 – 7.9 3.3 B+
7.0 – 7.4 3 B
6.5 – 6.9 2.7 C+
6.0 – 6.4 2.3 C
5.5 – 5.9 2 D+
5.0 – 5.4 1.7 D
<5.0 0 – 1.3 F



GPA (on a 4-point scale): 3.5

To convert this 4-point GPA to a 10-point CGPA, you can use the following formula:

CGPA = (GPA / 4) * 10

Substitute the GPA value into the formula:

CGPA = (3.5 / 4) * 10

CGPA = 0.875 * 10

CGPA = 8.75

So, a 4-point GPA of 3.5 would be equivalent to a 10-point CGPA of 8.75.

Tips for Achieving a Strong CGPA or GPA

Now that you’ve grasped the process of converting GPA to CGPA, let’s delve into valuable tips to secure a commendable GPA.

A robust GPA not only enhances your chances of admission but also boosts your confidence. Here are some practical tips to elevate your performance in semester exams:

  • Consistent Study Habits: Regular study sessions are transformative. They prevent last-minute cramming, alleviate anxiety, and instill confidence. Regular study routines provide the opportunity to delve deeply into your curriculum, allowing for additional, beneficial study time.
  • Timely Doubt Resolution: Address doubts promptly. Immediate clarification helps in understanding concepts thoroughly and avoids the accumulation of uncertainties.
  • Goal Setting: Establish a target CGPA. Setting clear goals enhances motivation and focus, guiding your efforts toward academic excellence.
  • Seek Additional Support: Don’t shy away from seeking help in subjects where you may face challenges. Extra support, whether from teachers, peers, or additional resources, can make a significant difference.
  • Answer Every Question: Even if uncertain, attempt to answer every question in exams. Sometimes, a well-informed guess can yield positive results.
  • Stay Motivated: Maintain a healthy mind and body through activities like meditation and exercise. A fit and motivated mind contributes to better study habits and overall academic success.
Frequently Asked Questions Section

Frequently Asked Questions

Is a 3.5 GPA considered good?

Yes, a 3.5 GPA is typically considered desirable. It falls in the range of above-average academic performance on a 4.0 GPA scale.

What is a CGPA to GPA calculator?

A CGPA to GPA calculator is a tool used to transform Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) scores into Grade Point Average (GPA) scores. This conversion is frequently required while students are applying to educational universities that use different grading structures.

Is it possible to get into an Ivy League with a lower GPA?

To steady admission to schools like Harvard, it’s commonly expected to attain high grades, usually a GPA of 3.8 and above.

Are the conversion guidelines consistent across all institutions?

No, conversion guidelines can differ between institutions. Some may offer their own conversion tables or specific instructions for converting CGPA to GPA. It’s crucial to adhere to the guidelines provided by the particular institution or organization requesting the conversion.

Copyright © Nomad Study Abroad Consultant Private Limited. All Rights Reserved 2024.